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An analytical framework for flood water conservation considering forecast uncertainty and acceptable risk


Indexed by:Journal Papers

First Author:Ding, Wei

Correspondence Author:Zhang, C (reprint author), Dalian Univ Technol, Fac Infrastruct Engn, Dalian, Peoples R China.

Co-author:Zhang, Chi,Peng, Yong,Zeng, Ruijie,Zhou, Huicheng,Cai, Ximing

Date of Publication:2015-06-01


Included Journals:SCIE、EI、Scopus



Page Number:4702-4726

ISSN No.:0043-1397

Key Words:reservoir operation; flood control; water conservation; forecast uncertainty; acceptable risk; residual flood conveyance capacity

Abstract:This paper addresses how much flood water can be conserved for use after the flood season through the operation of reservoir by taking into account the residual flood control capacity (the difference between flood conveyance capacity and the expected inflow in a lead time). A two-stage model for dynamic control of the flood-limited water level (the maximum allowed water level during the flood season, DC-FLWL) is established considering forecast uncertainty and acceptable flood risk. It is found that DC-FLWL is applicable when the reservoir inflow ranges from small to medium levels of the historical records, while both forecast uncertainty and acceptable risk in the downstream affect the feasible space of DC-FLWL. As forecast uncertainty increases (under a given risk level) or as acceptable risk level decreases (under a given forecast uncertainty level), the minimum required safety margin for flood control increases, and the chance for DC-FLWL decreases. The derived hedging rules from the modeling framework illustrate either the dominant role of water conservation or flood control or the trade-off between the two objectives under different levels of forecast uncertainty and acceptable risk. These rules may provide useful guidelines for conserving water from flood, especially in the area with heavy water stress. The analysis is illustrated via a case study with a real-world reservoir in northeastern China.

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