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  • 郑勇刚 ( 教授 )

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Crystallization behaviors and mechanical properties of carbon nanotube encapsulated copper nanowires

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论文类型:期刊论文
第一作者:Zheng, Yonggang
通讯作者:Zhang, HW (reprint author), Dalian Univ Technol, Int Res Ctr Computat Mech, State Key Lab Struct Anal Ind Equipment, Dept Engn Mech,Fac Vehicle Engn & Mech, Dalian 116024, Peoples R China.
合写作者:Sun, Jia,Ye, Hongfei,Zhang, Jiayong,Zhang, Hongwu
发表时间:2018-02-15
发表刊物:COMPUTATIONAL MATERIALS SCIENCE
收录刊物:SCIE、EI
卷号:143
页面范围:350-359
ISSN号:0927-0256
关键字:Molecular dynamics simulation; Carbon nanotube encapsulated metal nanowire; Crystallization behavior; Tensile property
摘要:Based on the molecular dynamics (MD) simulation, the crystallization behaviors and tensile mechanical properties of carbon nanotube (CNT) encapsulated copper nanowires are investigated in this paper. The influences of the cooling rate, the wall number of CNT and the cross-sectional diameter are considered. It is found that during the crystallization process the CNT acts as a template to induce the nucleation of copper grains from the surface and the template effect is mainly dominated by the innermost layer of CNT via the van der Waals interaction. CNT encapsulated copper nanowire can be formed after the cooling process and the internal copper nanowire is composed of several circumferential fan-shaped polycrystalline grains separated mostly by radial grain boundaries. The crystallinity increases with the increase of the diameter and the decrease of the cooling rate. Tensile tests show that the strength of the composite structure of the CNT encapsulated copper nanowire is much larger than the corresponding pristine copper nanowire. Moreover, it is found that the strength of the composite structure increases with the decrease of the diameter and the CNT plays a dominant role in strengthening the materials. These findings will shed light on the fabrication and practical application of carbon nanotube encapsulated metal nanowires. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

 

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