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  • 郑勇刚 ( 教授 )

    的个人主页 http://faculty.dlut.edu.cn/zhengyg/zh_CN/index.htm

  •   教授   博士生导师   硕士生导师
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Divergent effect of electric fields on the mechanical property of water-filled carbon nanotubes with an application as a nanoscale trigger

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论文类型:期刊论文
第一作者:Ye, Hongfei
通讯作者:Zhang, HW; Chen, Z (reprint author), Dalian Univ Technol, State Key Lab Struct Anal Ind Equipment, Fac Vehicle Engn & Mech, Int Res Ctr Computat Mech,Dept Engn Mech, Dalian 116024, Peoples R China.; Chen, Z (reprint author), Univ Missouri, Dept Civil & Environm Engn, Columbia, MO 65211 USA.
合写作者:Zheng, Yonggang,Zhou, Lili,Zhao, Junfei,Zhang, Hongwu,Chen, Zhen
发表时间:2018-01-01
发表刊物:NANOTECHNOLOGY
收录刊物:SCIE、EI、PubMed
卷号:29
期号:2
页面范围:025707
ISSN号:0957-4484
关键字:carbon nanotubes; polar water molecule; electric field; internal pressure; nanoscale trigger
摘要:Polar water molecules exhibit extraordinary phenomena under nanoscale confinement. Through the application of an electric field, a water-filled carbon nanotube (CNT) that has been successfully fabricated in the laboratory is expected to have distinct responses to the external electricity. Here, we examine the effect of electric field direction on the mechanical property of water-filled CNTs. It is observed that a longitudinal electric field enhances, but the transverse electric field reduces the elastic modulus and critical buckling stress of water-filled CNTs. The divergent effect of the electric field is attributed to the competition between the axial and circumferential pressures induced by polar water molecules. Furthermore, it is notable that the transverse electric field could result in an internal pressure with elliptical distribution, which is an effective and convenient approach to apply nonuniform pressure on nanochannels. Based on pre-strained water-filled CNTs, we designed a nanoscale trigger with an evident and rapid height change initiated by switching the direction of the electric field. The reported finding provides a foundation for an electricity-controlled property of nanochannels filled with polar molecules and provides an insight into the design of nanoscale functional devices.

 

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