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  • 郑勇刚 ( 教授 )

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Influence of dry density and confinement environment on the high strain rate response of partially saturated sand

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论文类型:期刊论文
第一作者:Wang, Shengzhe
通讯作者:Shen, LM (reprint author), Univ Sydney, Sch Civil Engn, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia.
合写作者:Shen, Luming,Maggi, Federico,El-Zein, Abbas,Nguyen, Giang D.,Zheng, Yonggang,Zhang, Hongwu,Chen, Zhen
发表时间:2018-06-01
发表刊物:INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF IMPACT ENGINEERING
收录刊物:SCIE、EI
卷号:116
页面范围:65-78
ISSN号:0734-743X
关键字:Partially saturated sand; High strain rate; Energy absorption; Grain crushing; Lateral confinement
摘要:The high strain rate compressive response of partially saturated Stockton Beach sand is investigated using the modified split Hopkinson pressure bar. The objective is to determine the influence of initial dry density and confinement environment on the stress-strain response, energy absorption, and grain crushing of Stockton Beach sand at average strain rates between 1000 and 1300 s(-1) as a function of saturation. Specimens are confined within a hardened steel tube, and exhibit dry densities of 1.46 g/cm(3), 1.57 g/cm(3), and 1.69 g/cm(3) with saturation ranging from 0% to above 90%. Samples with 1.57 g/cm(3) density are also confined via polycarbonate chambers with two different wall thicknesses. It can be observed that the stress-strain response of partially saturated sand generally stiffens with increasing initial dry density prior to water lock-up, while stiffening decreases with increasing saturation. An increase in confinement rigidity causes a rise in stiffness with lock-up occurring only in specimens confined in steel chambers. Energy absorption at a given stress level generally increases with decreasing initial dry density and softer confinement. Grain crushing witnessed for partially saturated sand, quantified by Hardin's relative breakage potential, is retrieved for post-impact inspection. Crushing is found to increase with both initial dry density and confinement rigidity, and decrease linearly with saturation. Experimental results derived from this study will aid in the calibration and validation of multi-phase constitutive models for predicting the dynamic response of partially saturated porous media.

 

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