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Set of Fe(II)-3-Hydroxyflavonolate Enzyme-Substrate Model Complexes of Atypically Coordinated Mononuclear Non-Heme Fe(II)-Dependent Quercetin 2,4-Dioxygenase

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Indexed by:Journal Papers

First Author:Sun, Ying-Ji

Correspondence Author:Sun, YJ (reprint author), Dalian Univ Technol, Sch Chem, 2 Linggong Rd, Dalian 116024, Peoples R China.

Co-authors:Huang, Qian-Qian,Zhang, Jian-Jun

Date of Publication:2017-09-01

Journal:ACS OMEGA

Included Journals:SCIE

Volume:2

Issue:9

Page Number:5850-5860

ISSN No.:2470-1343

Abstract:With the aim of revealing the catalytic role of atypically coordinated (3His-1Glu) active site mononuclear non-heme Fe(II)-dependent quercetin 2,4-dioxygenase (Fe-2,4-QD) and the electronic effects of the model ligands on the reactivity toward dioxygen, a set of p/m-R-substituted carboxylate-containing ligand-supported Fe(II)-3-hydroxyflavonolate complexes, [(FeLR)-L-II(fla)] ((LH)-H-R: 2-{[bis(pyridin-2-ylmethyl) amino] methyl}-p / m-R-benzoic acid; R: p-OMe (1), p-Me (2), m-Br (4), and m-NO2 (5); fla: 3-hydroxyflavonolate), were synthesized and characterized as structural and functional models for the ES (enzyme-substrate) complexes of Fe-2,4-QD. [FeIILR(fla)] show relatively high enzyme-type reactivity (dioxygenative ring opening of the coordinated substrate fla, single-turnover reaction) at low temperatures (30-65 degrees C). The reaction shows a linear Hammett plot (rho = -1.21), and electron donating groups enhance the reaction rates. The notable difference on the reactivity can be rationalized from the electronic nature of the substituent in the ligands, which could tune the reactivity via tuning Lewis acidity of the Fe(II) ion, electron density, and the redox potential of fla. The properties and the reactivity show approximately linear correlations between lambda(max) or E-1/2 of fla and the reaction rate constant k. This work sheds light not only on understanding of electronic effects of the ligands and the property-reactivity relationship but also on the role of the catalytic reaction by Fe-2,4-QD.

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